Education and Training
Instruction in military life and the profession of arms. Canadian military education and training places stress on morale, esprit de corps and discipline, as well as professional and technical matters, to prepare servicemen for the gruelling conditions of battle.
See also: Cadet, Royal Military College
Amusements to improve morale and promote esprit de corps. Canadian First Nations warriors had war dances and songs. As professional armies emerged in Europe in the 17th century, plays and concerts were organized. Regimental bands became prevalent in the late 18th century. During the two World Wars, Canadian servicemen overseas organized plays and concerts behind the trench lines. In 1916, the Dumbbells Concert Party was organized with men from the Canadian Expeditionary Forces 3rd Division, and provided such outstanding entertainment that it went on to perform on Broadway after the war. Radio became a widespread form of entertainment during the Second World War and the songs of Vera Lynn, the British Empire's favourite singer, still move many veterans to tears. Cinema became the most common entertainment, but live performances remained popular. The Canadian Army Show brought many professional entertainers, such as comedians Johnny Wayne and Frank Shuster, to the men and women serving in Europe.
See also: Band